50 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) on Modern India

50 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) on Modern India along with their answers:

  1. Who was the first President of independent India? a) Jawaharlal Nehru b) Sardar Patel c) Rajendra Prasad d) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Answer: c) Rajendra Prasad
  2. The Indian National Congress was founded in which year? a) 1885 b) 1905 c) 1920 d) 1942 Answer: a) 1885
  3. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre occurred in which city in 1919? a) Amritsar b) Lahore c) Delhi d) Kolkata Answer: a) Amritsar
  4. Who was known as the “Iron Man of India” for his role in the integration of princely states into the Indian Union? a) Jawaharlal Nehru b) Sardar Patel c) Subhas Chandra Bose d) Bhagat Singh Answer: b) Sardar Patel
  5. The Indian Independence Act of 1947 led to the creation of which two independent nations? a) India and Pakistan b) India and Bangladesh c) India and Sri Lanka d) India and Nepal Answer: a) India and Pakistan
  6. Who was the leader of the Indian National Army (INA) during World War II? a) Jawaharlal Nehru b) Subhas Chandra Bose c) Bhagat Singh d) Rajendra Prasad Answer: b) Subhas Chandra Bose
  7. The Quit India Movement was launched in which year? a) 1930 b) 1942 c) 1947 d) 1952 Answer: b) 1942
  8. The first Prime Minister of India was: a) Sardar Patel b) Jawaharlal Nehru c) Lal Bahadur Shastri d) Indira Gandhi Answer: b) Jawaharlal Nehru
  9. The first war between India and Pakistan over the Kashmir region took place in: a) 1947 b) 1962 c) 1965 d) 1971 Answer: c) 1965
  10. The famous slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” was coined by: a) Indira Gandhi b) Lal Bahadur Shastri c) Atal Bihari Vajpayee d) Rajiv Gandhi Answer: b) Lal Bahadur Shastri
  11. Which state was the first to be formed on a linguistic basis in independent India? a) Andhra Pradesh b) Maharashtra c) Kerala d) Tamil Nadu Answer: a) Andhra Pradesh
  12. The Emergency in India was declared in: a) 1962 b) 1971 c) 1975 d) 1984 Answer: c) 1975
  13. The Shah Bano case in 1985 was related to: a) Women’s rights b) Minority rights c) Land reforms d) Reservation policies Answer: a) Women’s rights
  14. The Mandal Commission was appointed to address the issue of: a) Religious conversions b) Caste-based reservations c) Minority education d) Border disputes Answer: b) Caste-based reservations
  15. The Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during the tenure of which Prime Minister? a) Atal Bihari Vajpayee b) P. V. Narasimha Rao c) Rajiv Gandhi d) Manmohan Singh Answer: a) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  16. The Bofors scandal in the 1980s was associated with allegations of corruption in: a) Defense deals b) Education reforms c) Agricultural policies d) Space research Answer: a) Defense deals
  17. Which Prime Minister initiated the economic liberalization reforms in 1991? a) Indira Gandhi b) Rajiv Gandhi c) P. V. Narasimha Rao d) Atal Bihari Vajpayee Answer: c) P. V. Narasimha Rao
  18. The Kargil War between India and Pakistan took place in: a) 1998 b) 1999 c) 2001 d) 2002 Answer: b) 1999
  19. The National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) was enacted in which year? a) 2005 b) 2008 c) 2010 d) 2013 Answer: a) 2005
  20. The Right to Information (RTI) Act was enacted in which year? a) 2002 b) 2005 c) 2008 d) 2010 Answer: b) 2005
  21. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) was implemented in India in which year? a) 2015 b) 2016 c) 2017 d) 2018 Answer: c) 2017
  22. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission) was launched by: a) Narendra Modi b) Manmohan Singh c) Atal Bihari Vajpayee d) Rajiv Gandhi Answer: a) Narendra Modi
  23. The “Make in India” initiative was launched to promote: a) Foreign investment b) Indigenous manufacturing c) Information technology d) Agricultural reforms Answer: b) Indigenous manufacturing
  24. The historic Ayodhya verdict in 2019 was related to the dispute over the site of a: a) Mosque b) Church c) Temple d) Gurudwara Answer: c) Temple
  25. The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) was enacted in which year? a) 2018 b) 2019 c) 2020 d) 2021 Answer: b) 2019
  26. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched its first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1, in which year? a) 2008 b) 2010 c) 2012 d) 2014 Answer: a) 2008
  27. The famous Indian social reformer who led the campaign against the practice of untouchability was: a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy b) Swami Vivekananda c) B.R. Ambedkar d) Jyotirao Phule Answer: c) B.R. Ambedkar
  28. The first woman Prime Minister of India was: a) Indira Gandhi b) Sonia Gandhi c) Pratibha Patil d) Mamata Banerjee Answer: a) Indira Gandhi
  29. The famous Indian cricketer who served as the captain of the Indian cricket team and later became a successful politician is: a) Sachin Tendulkar b) Virat Kohli c) Kapil Dev d) Navjot Singh Sidhu Answer: c) Kapil Dev
  30. The iconic “Mangalyaan” mission was launched by ISRO to explore: a) Mars b) Moon c) Mercury d) Venus Answer: a) Mars
  31. The famous Indian Nobel laureate in literature, known for his works like “The Guide,” is: a) Rabindranath Tagore b) R.K. Narayan c) Arundhati Roy d) Salman Rushdie Answer: b) R.K. Narayan
  32. The National Green Tribunal (NGT) was established in India in: a) 2005 b) 2010 c) 2012 d) 2014 Answer: c) 2010
  33. The “Digital India” campaign was launched to promote: a) Environmental conservation b) Information technology c) Clean energy d) Rural development Answer: b) Information technology
  34. The iconic “Statue of Unity” in India is dedicated to which historical figure? a) Mahatma Gandhi b) Sardar Patel c) Jawaharlal Nehru d) Bhagat Singh Answer: b) Sardar Patel
  35. The Indian government’s flagship health insurance scheme providing coverage for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization is known as: a) Ayushman Bharat b) Swachh Bharat c) Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana d) Make in India Answer: a) Ayushman Bharat
  36. The “One Rank One Pension” (OROP) scheme is related to: a) Farmers’ welfare b) Armed forces pension c) Education reforms d) Tribal development Answer: b) Armed forces pension
  37. The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir was reorganized into two separate union territories in: a) 2018 b) 2019 c) 2020 d) 2021 Answer: c) 2020
  38. The National Register of Citizens (NRC) was implemented in the Indian state of: a) Assam b) West Bengal c) Uttar Pradesh d) Maharashtra Answer: a) Assam
  39. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council is chaired by: a) Prime Minister b) Finance Minister c) President d) Chief Justice of India Answer: b) Finance Minister
  40. The first woman to serve as the Chief Minister of an Indian state was: a) J. Jayalalithaa b) Mamata Banerjee c) Sheila Dikshit d) Vasundhara Raje Answer: a) J. Jayalalithaa
  41. The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in India in: a) 2002 b) 2005 c) 2008 d) 2013 Answer: b) 2005
  42. The “Swadeshi Movement” during the Indian independence struggle aimed at promoting: a) Non-violence b) Indigenous goods and industries c) Foreign trade d) Cultural exchange Answer: b) Indigenous goods and industries
  43. The “Green Revolution” in India was primarily associated with the increase in the production of: a) Rice b) Wheat c) Sugarcane d) Pulses Answer: b) Wheat
  44. The “Nehru-Gandhi family” has been prominent in Indian politics, with several members serving as Prime Ministers. Who among the following is not a member of this family? a) Jawaharlal Nehru b) Indira Gandhi c) Atal Bihari Vajpayee d) Rajiv Gandhi Answer: c) Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  45. The National Food Security Act (NFSA) was enacted in India in: a) 2008 b) 2010 c) 2013 d) 2016 Answer: c) 2013
  46. The “Pink Revolution” in India refers to the growth of which industry? a) Information technology b) Biotechnology c) Tourism d) Meat and poultry Answer: d) Meat and poultry
  47. The “Clean Ganga Mission” or Namami Gange was launched to rejuvenate and clean the river Ganges. In which year was it initiated? a) 2012 b) 2014 c) 2016 d) 2018 Answer: b) 2014
  48. The Indian state of Telangana was carved out of which larger state? a) Andhra Pradesh b) Maharashtra c) Karnataka d) Tamil Nadu Answer: a) Andhra Pradesh
  49. The first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal was: a) P. T. Usha b) Mary Kom c) Sakshi Malik d) Karnam Malleswari Answer: d) Karnam Malleswari
  50. The “Make in India” campaign is aimed at promoting which sector in the country? a) Information technology b) Manufacturing c) Agriculture d) Renewable energy Answer: b) Manufacturing